Ayurveda Treatment in India

September 12, 2019

Ayurveda is the traditional, ancient Indian system of health science. Its name means, "life knowledge." The Ayurvedic method of holistic healthcare emphasizes balancing the body, mind, and spirit to treat and prevent disease. This 5,000-year-old practice focuses on harmonizing the body with nature through diet, herbal remedies, yoga and meditation, exercise, lifestyle, and body cleansing. It is considered the sister science of yoga.

Ayurveda is an ancient science more than 10,000 years old. Practised largely in the Indian subcontinent, Ayurveda involves a combination of various therapies and techniques to alleviate aches, pains, and chronic diseases. In recent years, due to changing lifestyles, environmental pollution and stress, man has failed to achieve harmony with mind, body, and soul.

Ayurveda stands divided into eight branches called Ashtangas. They are named as Kaya (general medicine), Baala (paediatrics), Graha (astrological), Urdwanga (above the neck), Shalya (surgery), Dhamshtra (toxicology), Jara (longevity) and Vrusha (infertility). The physician who has the expertise and thorough knowledge of all these branches are called an Ashtavaidya.

Panchakarma is a process of cleansing of the entire human body internally and this process is divided into five steps, namely Vaman, Virechan, Anuvasan, Niruhan, and Navan/Nasya, on the other hand, is the process of calming the mind and expanding consciousness by the continuous pouring of warm oil to the forehead for 25 minutes or so. This relaxes the entire body. Lastly, nasya drops are administered to the nasal passage, which helps in removing residual doshas and toxins from the head and neck area. These therapies and treatments, performed with expertise and precision make India the best Ayurvedic tourism destination in the world.

Popular Ayurvedic Therapies

Panchakarma Treatments are the primary therapeutic, purification, detoxification and rejuvenation treatments in Ayurveda. Ayurveda always prescribes a course of Panchakarma Treatments with a minimum of 7 days duration and a maximum of 28 days for the wellness and for the treatment of diseases, it may vary in accordance with the chronic nature of the diseases. The duration of 7 days and its multiplies – 7, 14, 21 and 28 are truly the divisions of time in line with the lunar cycle. The influence of the lunar cycle in the bio-rhythm of the human body has also been taken into consideration while fixing the duration of the course of Ayurveda Panchakarma Treatments. Similarly, the time of administration of the therapeutic treatments in a day is also very important.Popular ayurvedic therapies are Pizhichil, Dhara, Sirodhara, Sirovasti, Panchakarma, Udwarthanam, Navarakkizhi, Kadivasthi, Snehapanam, and Tharpanam

Pizhichil

Pizhichil is the squeezing of warm medicated oil onto the body of the patient. Pizhichil literally means squeezing. Pizhichil is a type of Sarvangdhara. Sarvanga means the whole body and Dhara means stream. Thus, Sarvangadhara refers to pouring a stream of oil on the whole body. Lukewarm medicated herbal oil is applied all over the body from a piece of cloth that is periodically soaked in a vessel containing the oil for about 45- 60 minutes per day for a period of 7,14 or 21 days.

Sirovasti

Siro Vasti is meant for nervous problems. It has a tradition over thousands of years and absolutely it’s a rishi invention of Ayurveda. Siro Vasti cures nervous diseases. It ensures the effective elimination of nervous disorders. Every kind of nervous disorders would be effectively cured with Siro Vasti treatment. In this therapy, warm medicated oil is retained over the head for a certain amount of time in a closely fitted leather cap, thus allowing the scalp to soak in the therapeutic oil. This treatment is highly effective for diseases of the head, ENT and other data related diseases.

Sirodhara

The word Shirodhara is originated from two Sanskrit words; Shiro which means head and Dhara which means to flow. It is a form of Ayurvedic therapy that involves the continuous flow of warm oil (or other liquid) over the forehead from a specific height. The forehead is believed to be a place where the nerves are highly concentrated. The pressure of oil on the forehead causes vibrations and the oil saturates the forehead and scalp and penetrates into the nervous system. This warm soothing oil is made to continuously flow above the forehead for approximately 30 minutes. Since Shirodhara works on the nervous system, it relieves anxiety, stress, fear, worry, hypertension, fatigue and depression. It calms the nervous system and gives a feeling of calmness and relaxation. It is also known to balance the seven Chakras. Additionally, it prevents headaches and premature greying of hair. It is also known to increase the power of cognitive organs.

Nasya

Nasya is an Ayurvedic term, a procedure followed for disorders related to a migraine, throat, nose, ear, sinusitis and any other organ above the neck. Ayurveda purifies these organs and removes vitiated doshas through the nasal openings. The nasal treatment happens in the form of medicated powders, medicinal fumes, nasal oil or medicated juice. As per function, there are 3 different types of Nasya namely Brihmana Nasya, Virechana Nasya, and Shamana Nasya. As per quality, Nasya can be divided into 2 categories i.e. Pratimarsha Nasya and Marsha Nasya. Some other popular nasal therapy treatment includes the following: Navana: When Nasya is meant for Shodhana or Snehana, it is termed as Navana. This is the most common type of Navana and is used for hair fall, headaches and bells palsy tinnitus. Pradhamana: This is a procedure where dry powders get blown into the nostrils through a narrow pipe. It can also be inhaled. Diseases such as epilepsy, sudden unconsciousness and any other diseases related to the brain are treated through this method. Some other herbs that are used along with this method of treatment include Vacha, vidanga, maricha etc. Avapeedana: In this form of Nasya, juice extracts are injected into the nostrils. 4-6 drops of juice for each nostril are required. This treatment is ideal for patients suffering from poisoning, epilepsy, delirium, rhinitis etc.

Abhyanga

Abhyanga is a special type of Ayurvedic warm oil massage that involves anointing oneself with healing dosha-specific oils. It can also be performed by an Ayurvedic massage therapist. A Sanskrit term, abhyanga means massaging the body's limbs or glowing body. It is derived from Abhi, meaning into or glow, and anga meaning limb. Regular practice of abhyanga massage promotes overall health and longevity. Performing abhyanga on oneself is a wonderful way to connect with one's body and express self-love. It is especially good for balancing the various doshas, with particular benefits for those with a vata dosha imbalance.

Kati vasti

Kati vasti is a very effective ayurvedic treatment for various ailments connecting to lower back and spine. The term Kati refers to the low back region. In Kati vasti treatment , a reservoir made of black gram dough is built around the lumbosacral area. Ensuring leak-proof, warm medicated oil is retained for a certain period of time in the dough. The temperature of the oil is maintained reheating and continuously adding more oil. This oil is kept for 30-40 minutes. Kati vasti treatment helps in strengthening the muscles especially those in the low back region. It helps in alleviating neuronal complaints, lumbago, and sciatica. This treatment is also effective in muscular spasm and inflammations in the lower back region.

Netra Sekam

Cleaning the eyes with medicinal herbal extract or medicated milk is beneficial in all infective conditions of the eyes. It promotes the cleansing and curative effects and reduces the dryness. During this treatment, medicated ghee is applied on the eyes for around 15-30 minutes placing it in a herbal paste boundary. It is good for the eyes-related problems.

Elakizhi

As the name refers in Malayalam Ela means leaf of plants and Kizhi means pack. The treatment is based on leaves of medicinal plants which are packed in cloths and applied in patient’s body in a form of gentle massage. The core advantage of Elakizhi treatment is that it will help to increase blood circulation in the body, reduces stiffness and strengthening the muscles. This treatment is mainly advised to patients suffering from joint pains and arthritis.

Navarakizhi

After applying the medicated oil over the whole body or any specific part, the medicinal rice (Njavarayari) and the root of Sida retusa extract are processed with milk and to be made in the form of paste and apply over the whole body or any specific part along with massage. This is done for 60 to 90 minutes daily for 07 to 14 days. This treatment renders strengths to nerves and muscles and purifies blood and is beneficial for all types of rheumatism, joint pain, emaciation of limbs, high blood pressure, cholesterol, paralysis, sciatica, and certain kinds of skin diseases and it improves general body weakness, the skin colour, and complexion.

Dhara

Dhara is result oriented in every aspect and it enlarges guaranteed curing features. It has an ancestral traditional backup of Ayurveda and all the Dhara’s are the live examples of the rishi medicinal exposure. Perhaps, Dhara is the most known Ayurveda therapy. The individuals who experienced Dhara spreads the benefits of Ayurveda Dhara everywhere. Without Dhara therapy, the Ayurveda is not completed. Dhara gives relief to chronic headaches, insomnia, mental tension, hysteria,hallucination, and insanity etc. The implement of Dhara in individuals is very interesting. The main ingredients of Dhara are herbal oil, coconut water, milk, ghee, and dhanyamlam etc. Dhara usually takes some time to finish and it’ll take 25 to 75 minutes time duration. There is time variation also happen according to the severity of the diseases or ailments. The medicated or herbal oil is the main ingredient of every dharas.