Surgery is the primary treatment for brain tumors that can be removed without causing severe damage. Many benign (non-cancerous) tumors are treated only by surgery. Most malignant (cancerous) tumors, however, require treatment in addition to the surgery, such as radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy.

The goals of surgical treatment for brain tumors are multiple and may include one or more of the following:
  • Confirm diagnosis by obtaining tissue that is examined under a microscope.
  • Remove all or as much of the tumor as possible.
  • Reduce symptoms and improve quality of life by relieving intracranial pressure caused by the cancer.
  • Provide access for implantation of internal chemotherapy or radiation.
  • Provide access for delivering intra-surgical treatments, including hypertherapy or laser surgery.

Types of Surgery for Brain Tumors

  • Biopsy - biopsy is a surgical procedure to remove a small piece of tumor in order to confirm the diagnosis. The sample is examined under the microscope by a pathologist who determines the type of the tumor. A biopsy can be performed as part of the surgery to remove the tumor or as a separate procedure.
  • Craniotomy - The most commonly performed surgery for removal of a brain tumor is called a craniotomy. “Crani” means skull, “otomy” means cutting into. In preparation for a craniotomy, a portion of the scalp is usually shaved, and an incision is made through the skin. Using specialized equipment, a surgeon removes a piece of bone to expose the area of the brain over the tumor. The dura mater (the outermost layer of the brain tissue) is opened, the tumor is located and then removed (resected). After the tumor is removed, the bone is usually replaced and the scalp stitched shut.
  • Shunt - Some patients with brain tumors develop increased intracranial pressure. To relieve the pressure, a procedure is conducted to drain excess or blocked fluid. A shunt is a narrow piece of flexible tubing (called a catheter) that is inserted into a ventricle in the brain. The other end of the tubing is threaded under the scalp toward the neck, then, still under the skin, threaded to another body cavity where the fluid is drained and absorbed. The body cavities used for drainage are the right atrium of the heart and, more commonly, the abdominal cavity. Compared to other surgical treatments for brain tumors, the procedure to implant a shunt is relatively minor. A small hole is drilled in the skull through which the catheter is threaded into a ventricle. A small incision is made in the abdomen or the chest, depending on which cavity is used for drainage. The other end of the catheter is threaded under the skin to the cavity and then fastened

Healing time

After brain surgery, as with any type of surgery, it will take time to recover. Recovery is different for everyone and depends on:
  • The location of the tumor within the brain
  • Areas of the brain affected by the surgery
  • The patient’s age and overall health

About Medinovita

Medinovita is an online medical travel service provider for international patients, where patients can find best hospitals and doctors in India. We bridge the gap between hospitals and patients for the medical treatments in India, bringing in all the resources you need in order to choose the right hospital for your treatment.

18/295A Kangarappady Trikkakara North Kochi,
Kerala India

Why India?

Medical tourism is a growing sector in India which is projected to grow to $7-8 billion by 2020.Advantages of medical treatment in India include reduced costs, the availability of latest medical technologies and a growing compliance on international quality standards, doctors trained in western countries including US and UK as well as English speaking personnel due to which foreigners are less likely to face language barrier in India.

With this in focus, Government of India have implemented visa-on-arrival scheme or e-Visa for tourists from select countries which allows foreign nationals to stay in India for 30 days for medical reasons.