Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons are specialists in the diagnosis and treatment of a broad range of disorders affecting the facial complex and skeleton including the jaws and oral cavity.
Contemporary training in both medicine and dentistry enables oral & maxillofacial surgeons to treat conditions requiring expertise in both fields. These include a range of common oral surgical problems (eg. impacted teeth, dental implants), jaw and congenital facial disproportion, facial trauma, oral cancer, salivary gland disease, temporomandibular joint disorders and various benign pathologies (eg. cysts and tumors of the jaws).
The following categories come under this specialty :
Minor Oral Surgical Treatment – Surgical removal of impacted wisdom teeth, surgery in relation to the maxillary sinus, complicated exodontics, frenectomy, pre-prosthetic surgical procedures, cyst enucleation, treatment of various lesions in the oro-facial region, management of oral submucous fibrosis and related precancerous conditions, pre-orthodontic surgical procedures, apicectomy etc.
Dental & Maxillofacial Trauma – includes soft tissue injuries of the facial region, fractures of the mandible, maxilla, zygoma, TM joint injuries and dentoalveolar complex injuries.
Cosmetic surgical treatment (Orthognathic Surgery) of malalignment and maldevelopment of the jaws, including dentofacial deformities, assymetry etc. The very word orthognathic means orthos – to straighten and gnathic – concerning jaws.
It is the specialized field of surgery that deals with surgical correction of deformities of facial bones present at birth as well as acquired during some time of life or the other. These procedures help patients affected by facial deformity, to shed all their inhibited behavioral patterns and low self-esteem which they have due to the facial deformity they are afflicted with
What oral and maxillofacial surgeons do: